|Conservative Off-site: Elevator Story||Democracy and the Shock Doctrine|
by Christopher Chantrill
January 01, 2009 at 11:50 pm
AS THE OLD year wanes, let us not dwell on its disappointments. Let us celebrate the New Year and hope for a swift recovery in the economy.
Let us wish our liberal friends well, their new Congress and our new President Barack Obama.
OK, good. Now lets go back inside and gather round the hot stove. Let us spin a tale of conservative renewal.
In the Old Days men lived by unreflective tradition, The Way of the gods and the ancestors. There was a good reason for such rigid conservatism. Life was close to subsistence; errors were punishable by death.
But then came modernity, the French Enlightenment and the Age of Reason. No longer would mankind live by the superstition of tradition; now humans would advance by the light of reason. In Germany, land of poets and thinkers, they had another idea, and invented an expressive Romanticism of emotion and instinct. Tear down theory, poetic systems No more rules, no more models Genius conjures up rather than learns Well, it was a Frenchman who said that. But you get the idea.
Some people thought all this was overwrought. The cult of reason had led to an age of sophisters, economists, and calculators, complained Edmund Burke in his Reflections on the Revolution in France. Think about what was being lost, he warned.
All the pleasing illusions, which made power gentle, and obedience liberal, which harmonized the different shades of life... are to be dissolved by this new conquering empire of light and reason... On the scheme of this barbarous philosophy, which is the offspring of cold hearts and muddy understandings... laws are to be supported only by their terrors... In the groves of their academy, at the end of every vista, you see nothing but the gallows.
OK, so Burke made a tiny mistake. It turned out that the gallows wouldnt be at the end of every vista. It would the guillotine, the firing squad, the gas chamber, or just plain old famine. But how could he know? The guillotine wasnt invented until 1791, one year after he published his Reflections.
It was also rather obtuse of Burke to suggest the plundering and piratical warrior lords of medieval and Reformation Europe had ever made power gentle, and obedience liberal. But he inseminated the modern conservative movement, a dream of a world founded on self-conscious tradition. It was not a mindless return to The Way but a practical search for a balance between reason and tradition, between hard experience and an optimistic faith.
The need for balance became obvious when the militant cults of reason and Romanticism combined in the 20th century into a murdering cocktail. Romantic revolutionaries, conjuring geniuses like Lenin, Hitler, and Mao, arose to implement the rational program of communism and realize the gallows vistajust as Burke had prophesied in the interregnum between the fall of the Bastille and the Reign of Terror.
How do you make power gentle, yet defend against enemies foreign and domestic? How do you harmonize interests, encouraging generosity , limiting greed, and dissipating the force of explosive secular creeds?
Conservative thinkers have returned again and again to these themes, and conservative practitioners have labored long and hard to bring them to reality. Yet, for the past century the conservative movement has mostly struggled against a totalizing liberal tide. Was there a problem? Then increased government power was the answer. Were economic interests in discord? Then differences between businessmen and workers could be exploited for political gain. Were people even mildly unresponsive to the will of the elite? Then laws must be passed to criminalize harmless delinquencies in smoking, drinking, and eating.
The conservative vision is simple: a small government and a large people, a government limited by an in-depth defense against power, and a people empowered to perform the worthy day-to-day tasks for a society that lives by service not power, and compassion not mechanism.
Conservative compassion is needed for good reason. The movement of the progressive societies is from status to contract, as Sir Henry Maine wrote. Yet contract is not enough. The best contract in the world cannot anticipate all the possible scenarios that may occur in a business relationship. Therefore something more than the dry words of a contract is needed. It was Shakespeares amateur lawyer Portia in The Merchant of Venice who taught us what this something more must be. Never mind your pound of flesh. Practice mercy, that falleth like the gentle rain from heaven.
But our liberal friends hanker after power. They believe in reactionary status, not progressive contract, in government compulsion, not voluntary association. As Rahm Emanuel has said: You never want a serious crisis to go to waste. Not when you theres government power to be had.
And mercy? Certainly not for Bush, Cheney, the Christianists, businessmen, Sarah Palin, and Joe the Plumber.
Buy his Road to the Middle Class.
The incentive that impels a man to act is always some uneasiness...
But to make a man act [he must have]
the expectation that purposeful behavior has the power to remove
or at least to alleviate the felt uneasiness.
Ludwig von Mises, Human Action
But I saw a man yesterday who knows a fellow who had it from a chappie
that said that Urquhart had been dipping himself a bit recklessly off the deep end.
Dorothy L. Sayers, Strong Poison
At first, we thought [the power of the West] was because you had more powerful guns than we had. Then we thought it was because you had the best political system. Next we focused on your economic system. But in the past twenty years, we have realized that the heart of your culture is your religion: Christianity.
David Aikman, Jesus in Beijing
[In the] higher Christian churches... they saunter through the liturgy like Mohawks along a string of scaffolding who have long since forgotten their danger. If God were to blast such a service to bits, the congregation would be, I believe, genuinely shocked. But in the low churches you expect it every minute.
Annie Dillard, Holy the Firm
Civil Societya complex welter of intermediate institutions, including businesses, voluntary associations, educational institutions, clubs, unions, media, charities, and churchesbuilds, in turn, on the family, the primary instrument by which people are socialized into their culture and given the skills that allow them to live in broader society and through which the values and knowledge of that society are transmitted across the generations.
Francis Fukuyama, Trust
In England there were always two sharply opposed middle classes, the academic middle class and the commercial middle class. In the nineteenth century, the academic middle class won the battle for power and status... Then came the triumph of Margaret Thatcher... The academics lost their power and prestige and... have been gloomy ever since.
Freeman Dyson, The Scientist as Rebel
Conservatism is the philosophy of society. Its ethic is fraternity and its characteristic is authority the non-coercive social persuasion which operates in a family or a community. It says we should....
Danny Kruger, On Fraternity
What distinguishes true Conservatism from the rest, and from the Blair project, is the belief in more personal freedom and more market freedom, along with less state intervention... The true Third Way is the Holy Grail of Tory politics today - compassion and community without compulsion.
Minette Marrin, The Daily Telegraph
When we received Christ, Phil added, all of a sudden we now had a rule book to go by, and when we had problems the preacher was right there to give us the answers.
James M. Ault, Jr., Spirit and Flesh
I mean three systems in one: a predominantly market economy; a polity respectful of the rights of the individual to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and a system of cultural institutions moved by ideals of liberty and justice for all.
In short, three dynamic and converging systems functioning as one: a democratic polity, an economy based on markets and incentives, and a moral-cultural system which is plural and, in the largest sense, liberal.
Michael Novak, The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism
There was nothing new about the Frankish drive to the east... [let] us recall that the continuance of their rule depended upon regular, successful, predatory warfare.
Richard Fletcher, The Barbarian Conversion
We have met with families in which for weeks together, not an article of sustenance but potatoes had been used; yet for every child the hard-earned sum was provided to send them to school.
E. G. West, Education and the State