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A Budget Rear-view Mirror Freedom vs. The Secular Seminary

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Culture Wars: Conservative Freedom vs. Liberal Liberation

by Christopher Chantrill
March 02, 2012 at 6:27 pm

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THE RECENT skirmish in the culture wars over compelling Catholic organizations to offer contraception and abortifacient services to their employees reminds us of the big issue between conservatives and liberals in the culture wars. It bears repeating: conservatives believe in freedom; our liberal friends believe in liberation.

Both traditions start with the same impulse: breaking the chains of slavery, and that is why both conservative and liberal celebrate the redemption of America’s Original Sin. Actually, our great victory over slavery was unique, for it was only in America that the slavery issue was resolved in a bloody civil war. Chalk that up to the American can-do spirit. Americans had made plantation slavery so efficient and so profitable that many of us were unable to see beyond the profits to the monstrosity of slave-holding in the land of the free and the home of the brave.

But once the slaves were freed, then the two traditions began to part company. In the America of freedom, the free man, once he has cast off his chains, turns around and offers freely the service that was once compelled. When labor is compelled the laborer judges service an abomination; when labor is freely given, the worker is inspired to serve, and this was revealed at the end of the 18th century century when the anti-slavery movement arose exactly at the same time as the Scottish Enlightenment chaps thought of the idea of the Invisible Hand, that men best served themselves by serving others.

Everywhere the freedom tradition got a handhold, prosperity and generosity flourished. New industries sprouted out of nothing into giant behemoths and lowered prices to unimaginable levels: oil down 90 percent, steel down 66 percent, railroads, electricity, automobiles, air travel, computers. And the titans of industry were generous. No sooner had they made their fortunes than they began to give them away. Why wouldn’t they? They made their money by giving the consumer what she wanted; to give to education, research, and medicine is but to extend the principle of consumer service into social service. Just a month ago India celebrated its first polio-free year, brought to you in part by the Gates Foundation.

In the liberation tradition, the dream is a liberation from all effort, a paradise on earth. The sweated laborer dreams of turning the tables on his employer and making him sweat. The housewife dreams of making her husband a drudge. The underprivileged minority dreams of privilege. The artist dreams of creative paradise. The businessman seeks liberation from the terror of failure. And the politician’s eyes gleam.

The most glaring difference in the two traditions is over sex. Conservatives at our best want sexual freedom, the right to freely give your love and fidelity to one other in the central human drama of sexual reproduction. Liberals want sexual liberation, the right to opt out of the drama of sexual reproduction and separate sex from its curious connection with children. Liberals insist we talk about contraception, abortion, gays, lesbians, and trans-gender, and trundle out The Way We Never Were author Stephanie Coontz whenever conservatives start to talk about the collapse of marriage in the lower classes.

The trouble with liberation is that its dreams can only be realized with force, and so wherever it has been tried the liberation movement has trod a trail of tears, a road back to serfdom. That is why liberal reformers want to force the Catholic Church to bend to their will. You can’t have wall-to-wall sexual liberation if serious Christians are left with an opt out.

The free man is joyful in taking responsibility; the liberated man is terrified of it. The free man is a risk taker, the liberated man is a risk avoider. The free man’s word is his bond; the liberated man’s word is a whine. The free man takes the blame; the liberated man lives to blame. The free man asks only to serve; the liberated man demands to be served. The free man lives to give back; the liberated man scorns the “give-back.”

Conservatives have our own little yearning for liberation. We would like to be liberated from the tyranny of liberal cultural hegemony. But this is a weakness, for freedom has never promised liberation.

It is almost a divine witness that the two popular movements of the Obama era so exactly impersonate the ideas of the two traditions. The Tea Party takes its name from a protest against government-sponsored monopoly and privilege. The Occupy movement takes its name from the plan of every dawn raider: invade, occupy, and plunder.

We should thank President Obama for forcing us to choose between freedom and liberation. Usually liberal politicians try to muddy the waters, and they cloak their liberation in the language of freedom just like FDR and his Four Freedoms. They want us to think that America is still free when they pile on the compulsory and mandatory government programs. The dreadful fear that Obama stirs up in conservatives is this: What if Americans this November openly choose liberation instead of freedom? What happens to America then?

It’s a fearful thought. But free men and free women have never believed in giving in to fear.

Christopher Chantrill blogs at www.roadtothemiddleclass.com.

Buy his Road to the Middle Class.

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Action

The incentive that impels a man to act is always some uneasiness... But to make a man act [he must have] the expectation that purposeful behavior has the power to remove or at least to alleviate the felt uneasiness.
Ludwig von Mises, Human Action


Chappies

“But I saw a man yesterday who knows a fellow who had it from a chappie that said that Urquhart had been dipping himself a bit recklessly off the deep end.”  —Freddy Arbuthnot
Dorothy L. Sayers, Strong Poison


China and Christianity

At first, we thought [the power of the West] was because you had more powerful guns than we had. Then we thought it was because you had the best political system. Next we focused on your economic system. But in the past twenty years, we have realized that the heart of your culture is your religion: Christianity.
David Aikman, Jesus in Beijing


Churches

[In the] higher Christian churches... they saunter through the liturgy like Mohawks along a string of scaffolding who have long since forgotten their danger. If God were to blast such a service to bits, the congregation would be, I believe, genuinely shocked. But in the low churches you expect it every minute.
Annie Dillard, Holy the Firm


Civil Society

“Civil Society”—a complex welter of intermediate institutions, including businesses, voluntary associations, educational institutions, clubs, unions, media, charities, and churches—builds, in turn, on the family, the primary instrument by which people are socialized into their culture and given the skills that allow them to live in broader society and through which the values and knowledge of that society are transmitted across the generations.
Francis Fukuyama, Trust


Class War

In England there were always two sharply opposed middle classes, the academic middle class and the commercial middle class. In the nineteenth century, the academic middle class won the battle for power and status... Then came the triumph of Margaret Thatcher... The academics lost their power and prestige and... have been gloomy ever since.
Freeman Dyson, “The Scientist as Rebel”


Conservatism

Conservatism is the philosophy of society. Its ethic is fraternity and its characteristic is authority — the non-coercive social persuasion which operates in a family or a community. It says ‘we should...’.
Danny Kruger, On Fraternity


Conservatism's Holy Grail

What distinguishes true Conservatism from the rest, and from the Blair project, is the belief in more personal freedom and more market freedom, along with less state intervention... The true Third Way is the Holy Grail of Tory politics today - compassion and community without compulsion.
Minette Marrin, The Daily Telegraph


Conversion

“When we received Christ,” Phil added, “all of a sudden we now had a rule book to go by, and when we had problems the preacher was right there to give us the answers.”
James M. Ault, Jr., Spirit and Flesh


Democratic Capitalism

I mean three systems in one: a predominantly market economy; a polity respectful of the rights of the individual to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and a system of cultural institutions moved by ideals of liberty and justice for all. In short, three dynamic and converging systems functioning as one: a democratic polity, an economy based on markets and incentives, and a moral-cultural system which is plural and, in the largest sense, liberal.
Michael Novak, The Spirit of Democratic Capitalism


Drang nach Osten

There was nothing new about the Frankish drive to the east... [let] us recall that the continuance of their rule depended upon regular, successful, predatory warfare.
Richard Fletcher, The Barbarian Conversion


Education

“We have met with families in which for weeks together, not an article of sustenance but potatoes had been used; yet for every child the hard-earned sum was provided to send them to school.”
E. G. West, Education and the State


presented by Christopher Chantrill

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